If you're interested in composting the first thing you will need is a place to compost. Some people make bins out of rain barrels, some people use plastic tubs and some people make large bins out of wooden shipping pallets. Compost also needs to be moved around (turned) to agitate it, allowing oxygen in and in warmer months it needs to be sprayed down with water every once in a while. Both turning the compost and wetting it speed up the process of decay which is what you're looking for. So keep in mind that you're going to need to do these things when deciding where you want to compost and when. Don't worry though, contrary to popular belief; compost does not stink. There are rules to what you can compost and what you can't- following this will you keep you stink free.
Here are a list of just some of the things that can be composted:
- paper (paper towels, newspaper, toilet paper etc.) shred paper or lay it out in layers
- cardboard (old boxes, tubes, pizza boxes etc.) for larger boxes tear them up for a faster process
- peelings and rinds (the peeling/skin off of anything is great for compost)
- egg shells
- coffee grounds (don't forget the filters)
- hair (like off your hairbrush or from pet)
- vacuum dirt (empty the canister in the pile!)
- tea bags
- grass clippings
- stale bread crackers, beer, pretzels and cereal
- plain pasta
- old pieces of cloth cut into small pieces
- Animal manure from herbivores and poultry
- ^their bedding
- saw dust and wood shavings
- hay and straw
- Flour (mix this and breads/cheeses well to avoid attracting rodents)
To really stretch out your compost when it's finished mix it in with potting soil or garden soil and pour into planting beds. If you use raised garden beds it's a good idea to lay down a layer of newspaper and then straw or leaves before adding your compost/soil mixture to get really good drainage.
So, there are some tips if you're interested. It's never a bad time to start composting and gardening. It helps save money for gardeners and helps the environment.